Morphine is a highly potent opiate (narcotic) analgesic that is used to treat moderate to moderately severe chronic pain. Extended release Morphine tablets are only to be used by patients who require around the clock pain relief while short acting formulation are taken as needed.
It is said to be the most powerful pain reliever medicine has to offer today and sets the standard by which all other opiates potency is tested. The potential for dependency is very high with this drug, both physically and psychologically.
Morphine is a fast-acting opiate analgesic and the primary agent in opium. It acts directly on the central nervous system to relieve severe pain, much like other opiates including heroin. It is used to treat pain from surgery, illness and trauma, along with chronic pain conditions associated with cancer, kidney stones and other ailments. This drug is also considered effective in suppressing coughs and stopping chronic diarrhea. It attaches to opioid receptors in the brain, spinal cord and gastrointestinal tract. Some recreational users take this drug to experience a euphoric state, relaxation and sedation. Morphine is marketed under the generic and brand names including MS-Contin, Oramorph SR and Roxanol. It has traditionally been injected for pain, but now comes in forms including oral solutions, suppositories and immediate and sustained-release capsules and tablets. Morphine was first isolated in Germany in 1804 by a pharmacist who named it “morphium” after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams.
Drug Enforcement Agency Says Morphine Use On The Rise
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration says morphine is the standard against which other analgesics are measured. As with many other narcotic pain relievers, the increase of morphine use in the United States has increased dramatically in the last several years. According to the DEA, there has been a three-fold increase in the number of morphine products available in the U.S. The National Institute on Drug Abuse says many opiates, including morphine, can cause physical and psychological addiction with prolonged use. Users may also develop a tolerance to pain medication, causing them to take more and more to achieve the same effect. The addiction potential of this drug is most often compared to that of heroin, which was synthesized from morphine in 1874. Morphine, heroin and cocaine became controlled substances in 1914 under the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act.
Side Effects And Withdrawal
Possible side effects include drowsiness, constipation, lightheadedness, euphoria, difficulty breathing, dry mouth, weakness, fatigue, respiratory depression, itching, rash, hives, reduced sex drive, decreased appetite and interference with women’s menstrual cycles. Withdrawal symptoms reported include nausea, vomiting, sweating, yawning, chills, watery eyes, insomnia, runny nose, strong cravings for the drug, headaches, irritability, body aches, tremors, elevated heart rate and blood pressure, hot flashes and bone and muscle pain.
There Is Help For Addiction
Narcotic painkillers can be highly addictive and have a high potential for abuse. Prescriptions for narcotic painkillers have increased sharply in recent years, as has illicit use of the substances. Fortunately, there are many options available for users when it comes to drug detox and rehabilitation. Medically-supervised detox may be needed to wean users from opiates.