What is Morphine?
Morphine is a potent opioid drug derived from the opium poppy plant. It is a prescription pain reliever and considered one of the most potent opioid drugs in existence. Therefore, the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) classifies morphine as a Schedule II controlled substance. This is because a schedule II classification indicates the potential for high rates of abuse, diversion, and addiction.
A pharmacist first isolated morphine in Germany in 1804 and named it “morphium” after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams. It is manufactured and sold in liquid, tablet, capsule, suppository, or injectable forms under brand names:
- Infumorph P/F
- Arymo ER
- MorphaBond ER
- Oramorph SR
Morphine is a highly potent opiate (narcotic) analgesic because it treats moderate to moderately severe chronic pain. Extended-release Morphine tablets are only used by patients who require around the clock pain relief while the short-acting formulation is taken as needed.
How does Morphine Work?
Morphine is a fast-acting opiate analgesic and the primary agent in opium. Because it acts directly on the central nervous system to relieve severe pain, it’s similar to other opiates, including heroin. It is also used to treat pain from surgery, illness, and trauma, along with chronic pain conditions associated with cancer, kidney stones, and other ailments. Reports by the National Institute of Drug Addiction (NIDA) show that morphine acts by attaching to the opioid receptors located in the brain, spinal cord, and gastrointestinal tract.
Everyone produces naturally endogenous opioids called endorphins. These endorphins bind to particular receptors located in the brain, spinal cord, and gastrointestinal tract. Finally, this interaction leads to several effects in the body, including:
- Pain relief,
- Respiratory depression
- Drowsiness and sleepiness
- Euphoria “High”
Understandably, the sense of euphoria and feelings of relaxation keep many people using morphine. However, the repeated use of morphine can cause a person to develop a physical tolerance. Then, tolerance leads to increased use of the drug. Consequently, addiction occurs.
Serious symptoms can include:
- Shallow breathing
- Feeling faint or dizzy.
- Low blood pressure
- Loss of normal muscle tension
- Cardiac arrest
- Cold and clammy skin
- Circulatory collapse
If you feel any of these symptoms, please call for immediate medical assistance.
When attempting a morphine detox, consider detoxing under the supervision of an experienced physician. Withdrawal from opiates can be quite challenging and sometimes diminish one’s resolve to become drug-free.
To illustrate, symptoms of morphine withdrawal may include:
- Diarrhea and cramps
- Fast heartbeat
- Joint and muscle pain
- Nausea and vomiting
From Dependence to Morphine Addiction
Not every person who develops a physical dependence on morphine becomes addicted, but detoxification is required in both cases. Furthermore, when someone uses the drug for an extended amount of time, the risk of becoming addicted increases. Furthermore, the consistent dose increase often turns into a loss of control over drug usage. The need to obtain and use the drug becomes a priority regardless of negative consequences; that is the main sign of existing morphine addiction.
There are many reasons why someone can become addicted to a drug. Studies have shown that opioid addictive disorders may be heritable, meaning genetics might be a significant addiction contributor. Environmental factors, such as trauma, stress, can also influence whether someone becomes addicted. One of the most common influential factors is emotional distress. Often people find relief from emotional pain in opioid drugs.
With effective morphine detox and comprehensive emotional treatment, opioid addiction can be overcome, and real recovery can be reached.
Morphine Detox and Treatment Options
An inpatient medical treatment for morphine detox can help minimize the painful withdrawal symptoms and increase one’s chances of completing detoxification. Additionally, because of high relapse rates during the detox phase in drug rehabs, anesthesia-assisted rapid detox is a great option.
Rapid detoxification gets patients through the worst of the withdrawal while under sedation. Consequently, the process maximizes comfort and decreases the risk that the user will abandon detox in the middle of the process. However, other options for morphine detox are also available. It is important to consider what you or your loved one will medical and recovery needs are before choosing a program.
Waismann Method® team understands how difficult the symptoms of morphine withdrawal can be. Often times, withdrawal symptoms are so severe that those attempting morphine detox on their own end up relapsing within the first 24 hours. Therefore, the best option in overcoming this obstacle is a medically assisted detox. In a hospital, doctors can perform in-depth evaluations and tailor a morphine treatment plan that best fits each patient’s unique health needs. Additionally, the Waismann Method® team provides patients with around-the-clock assistance and supervision, making treatment safer and more effective. Our medical and health care support team’s goal is to ensure all patients the best experience and results so they can begin the next phase in their recovery journey.
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