Percodan ® is the combination of a pure opioid agonist (Oxycodone) with Aspirin.
Percodan ® is effective orally and used for the relief of moderate to severe chronic pain. Oxycodone itself is a narcotic analgesic and has a high potential for abuse. This medication should be taken exactly as prescribed and never shared with others. The Oxycodone in Percodan ® can cause physical and psychological dependence. Use this medicine with caution and under close supervision of your healthcare professional.
Percodan is an opioid painkiller used to treat short-term pain considered moderate to moderately severe. It is made up of aspirin and oxycodone, an opiate. Percodan was first prescribed in 1950, marketed by DuPont Pharmaceuticals. One tablet contains 4.62 mg of oxycodone hydrochloride, 0.38 mg of oxycodone terephthalate and 325 mg of aspirin. Once widely prescribed in the United States, many health care professionals instead prescribe other oxycodone compounds, such as Percocet, which contains acetaminophen instead of aspirin. Both Norco and Vicodin contain hydrocodone and acetaminophen, and tend to be favored by doctors for post-operative pain.
Percodan is classified by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency as a Schedule II controlled substance, in the same class as cocaine and morphine. This means it cannot be filled by telephone and refills are not allowed. The DEA classifies drugs according to their potential to be abused and habit-forming. Vicodin and Norco are not as heavily regulated and are considered Schedule III controlled substances. Percodan is manufactured by Endo Pharmaceuticals. The most commonly prescribed dose is one pill every six hours as needed for pain. Daily dose should not exceed 4 grams or 12 tablets.
Percodan Components: Oxycodone And Aspirin
Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic opioid used for pain relief. It can cause euphoria, feelings of relaxation and respiratory depression. It is also considered useful as a cough suppressant. Aspirin inhibits the body’s production of prostaglandins, which can cause pain by stimulating muscle contractions and dilating blood vessels in the body. It is also a fever reducer. Percodan is not recommended for anyone who is allergic to either. Caution should be taken when driving or performing other tasks that require alertness. Percodan should not be taken with alcohol, other opiates, sedatives, tranquilizers or other central nervous system depressants. Because aspirin use in children and teens can cause Reye Syndrome, Percodan should not be prescribed to them.
All opiates have the potential to cause dependency, and prescription painkiller abuse has skyrocketed in recent years. The makers of Percodan say it is susceptible to misuse, abuse and diversion, whether legally prescribed or not. A tolerance can develop with use of Percodan, requiring the patient to take more and more to achieve the pain-killing effect. Withdrawal symptoms can set in when prolonged use is abruptly discontinued. According to the manufacturer, they include: Flu-like symptoms, restlessness, yawning, irritability, anxiety, joint pain, aches, weakness, insomnia, nausea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, and increase of blood pressure and heart rate. Overdose of Percodan can cause respiratory depression, stupor, coma, and cold and clammy skin. In severe cases, overdose can cause circulatory collapse, cardiac arrest or death.