Tramadol is a narcotic-like pain reliever. Tramadol hydrochloride is a Generic name brand for Ultram, it is usually used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain.
Tramadol is available in extended release tablets and should be taken exactly as directed. Because the effects if Tramadol are similar to those of narcotic analgesics, it may become habit forming causing physical and psychological dependence.
Tramadol is an opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain. Tramadol was developed by the German pharmaceutical company Grunenthal GmbH in the late 1970s, marketed under the name Tramal. It is also licensed under other names including Ultram. Tramadol can be injected intravenously and intramuscularly, and oral preparations are also approved.
The drug is available in capsules, tablets, extended-release tablets, suppositories, effervescent tablets and powders, and liquid for oral and sublingual administration. There are also tablets and caplets available with paracetamol (acetaminophen).
Recommended dosages range from 50 mg to 300 mg daily. Tramadol is also indicated for use in veterinary medicine. It’s used to treat pain from surgery, illness and injury in dogs, cats, rabbits, marsupials, and rodents including flying squirrels, rats, guinea pigs, ferrets and raccoons.
Tramadol Side Effects And Withdrawal
Side effects reported include impaired thinking and reaction time. Other effects include nausea, constipation, dizziness, headache, drowsiness, vomiting, itching, sweating, dry mouth, diarrhea and rash. The drug’s label warns that caution should be taken when driving or performing other tasks that require alertness. Patients who stop taking Tramadol can experience withdrawal symptoms that include anxiety, nausea, sweating, chills, tremors, diarrhea, hallucinations, trouble sleeping and breathing problems.
Tramadol Warnings On Use/Signs Of Overdose
Tramadol can be habit forming. Warnings on the use of Tramadol say it should not be used by patients who have been addicted to alcohol or drugs, or if they are currently intoxicated. Drugs that should not be taken with Tramadol include other narcotic pain relievers, sedatives or tranquilizers, street drugs or medicine for depression, anxiety or mental illness.
Seizures can occur with the use of Tramadol and risk may be higher in those who have had a seizure disorder, epilepsy, head injury or a metabolic disorder. As with other opiate pain relievers, Tramadol should be taken exactly as prescribed and should not be crushed or mixed with liquid and injected. Inhaling or injecting it can cause life-threatening reactions, overdose or death. Taking too much of the drug can be fatal, according to the manufacturer. Overdose symptoms can include drowsiness, extreme weakness, shallow breathing, slow heart beat, cold or clammy skin, lightheadedness, fainting or coma.
Tramadol Treatment Options
Numerous treatment options are available for those who are dependent on Tramadol or other opiates. Medically-supervised detox programs may be helpful and have shown to be successful for many people. Deciding to seek detox or rehab treatment can be a difficult one. Many people who have developed an addiction to opiates delay treatment because of a fear of withdrawal.
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