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Some wrestling fans and most of the general public don’t appreciate or can’t comprehend the lifestyle of a professional wrestler. It’s not just a few hours of television shows per week. There are house shows, media appearances, and travel; lots of travel. There’s little time to work out and stay in shape. And there’s even less time to relax. Sadly, unless a wrestler is an Undertaker or a Chris Jericho, they can’t take too much time off if they want to keep their spot on the card and in the storylines.

 

As for a vacation? That’s a foreign word to most wrestlers. To make it through the daily grind of bumps and bruises from in-ring competition, some professional wrestlers resort to illegal substances. Even the top stars are apparently immune, as shown with the recent 60-day suspension of WWE’s Randy Orton. Despite being one of the top faces in the industry, Orton now has two strikes against him in WWE’s Talent Wellness Program policy. One more and Orton is gone from WWE for a year. WWE, to its credit, has taken steps to punish wrestlers who are not playing by the rules, and with the second strike against Orton, has shown it doesn’t play favorites. WWE also has a former talent rehabilitation program, which was launched in 2007 to assist former WWE wrestlers with substance abuse issues. Former WWE wrestler Maven, for example, reportedly recently completed a 50-day drug rehab program, paid for by WWE. “I owe the WWE my life for helping me through this situation,” Maven told TMZ.com. “I have the clarity and focus that comes with sobriety and will never let my family, friends, and fans down again.” As often as we hear of wrestlers dying due to drug use, we rarely hear about the success stories of overcoming addiction. And that’s a shame.

 

Many wrestlers deal with wellness and psychology issues, addiction, prescription painkillers, chronic pain management, and concussions. Having read about these issues, I’m familiar with them. But to get the real story on what these hardships and injuries mean, I went to the experts. Let’s introduce our panel:

 

Clare Waismann is a Registered Addiction Specialist

Administrative director of Waismann Method treatment, the pioneering treatment for opiate dependency. More information on Waismann’s work can check at www.opiates.com.

Dr. Michael Lowenstein

Chronic pain management specialist and medical director for Waismann Method treatment.  Dr. Lowenstein has safely, confidentially and humanely treated opiate dependency patients resulting in one of the industry’s highest success rates. More information on Lowenstein’s work at www.opiates.com.

David M. Reiss is an M.D., Psychiatrist, working in San Diego.

Before we get started, I would like to thank my three-panel members for taking the time to answer my questions for JAWBreaker.

Now, let’s ring the bell:

1. Talk about the difference between prescription drugs and illegal drugs wrestlers use.

CLARE: “Often, pro wrestlers start taking prescription painkillers to numb the discomfort of injuries and help them continue to compete without taking time off. This is how many drug addictions start, as prescription painkillers like Oxycodone and Percocet are highly addictive.  Often, addictions to prescription medications can spiral into uncontrollable situations where the individual will try any drug (legal or illegal) to satisfy their needs.  It’s important to realize that any substance taken daily can turn into dependency and addiction, and once a dependency forms, the lines between legal and illegal substances can disappear quickly.”

DAVID: “All legal drugs used to treat pain and emotional/psychiatric conditions have potential risks and side-effects, and can be very dangerous if over-used or misused. Even legal and general ‘safe’ drugs prescribed to treat certain medical conditions can have serious adverse effects at time, including upon mood, cognition, memory and behavior (including some anti-inflammatories, anti-hypertensives, anti-convulsants, appropriate use of steroids – one example being use of Prednisone for asthma or Cortisone for muscular/skeletal injury). Prescription of any medication requires appropriate evaluation, diagnosis, and monitoring of the use of the agent, without which, there can be a significant danger.

“In my opinion, it can be quite reasonably argued that there are some illegal drugs that if legal, monitored and standardized would be no more dangerous or risky than using some of the legally prescribed agents. However, even leaving aside the purely legal aspect, the lack of standardization and monitoring makes use of those agents particularly dangerous.

“Additionally, some illegal agents have no appropriate usage. The potential (or at times inevitable) risks far outweigh potential danger. Of course, some formerly-legal drugs have been found to fall into that class and are now off the market – but that does not change the fact that some agents are too dangerous to be able to be used effectively.

“Beyond the dangers of the drugs themselves, the other significant issue is that if an agent (even a legal medication) is being used without appropriate medical evaluation and supervision, it may be serving to ‘cover up’ a medical condition that potentially may then lead to increased danger of further injury, at times to the point that a treatable condition progresses to the point of being untreatable.”

2. In the WWE lifestyle of 300 days per year on the road and in the ring, explain why the use of painkillers is so prevalent?

MICHAEL: “If you look at the physiques of professional wrestlers, they are enormous muscular athletes who put their bodies through incredible physical workouts and frequently experience injuries. Wrestlers get paid to perform and compete, so they usually can’t afford the time that is necessary to allow their injuries to heal fully. Instead, many may use opiate painkillers to numb the pain from injuries sustained during training or in the ring to continue competing, which only aggravates their condition. When they are not competing, wrestlers are preparing for their next fight, so they never really have time to recover completely.”

DAVID: “Any ‘stressors’ will lead susceptible individuals to seek relief in unwise or counter-productive ways. Of course, how stress is perceived is very different from one person to another – one person may thrive on a very active schedule; another person may ‘burn-out’ quickly.

“Certainly in any physical endeavor – sport, entertainment, ‘regular’ physical labor – the more intensive the schedule, the more demanding on the body, the more frequent the ‘minor’ injuries – the greater the risk for ‘burn out’ or dysfunctional responses emotionally and behaviorally.   Common sense dictates that few people can tolerate 300 days on the road subjecting their body to ‘bumps’ of any kind without experiencing a high degree of ‘stress.’ General guidelines to avoid ‘excessive’ stress would be helpful and can be based on a reasonable study, history, research, etc. – but the issue is actually very much individualized, and any ‘guideline’ will be insufficient for some and unnecessarily restrictive for others.”

3. How could marijuana help, or hurt, a wrestler? Would it help chronic pain management (the bruises and bumps) of a wrestler?

MICHAEL: “There are those who claim that marijuana helps decrease pain, but it is not a widely accepted treatment for chronic pain management, and it is still illegal on the federal level.”

CLARE: “Marijuana is a depressant that can negatively affect mood, memory and reaction time so that it can be detrimental to any athlete, including pro wrestlers. This drug can also intensify depression, decrease energy levels and shorten one’s memory, creating a mental fog that can negatively affect a wrestler’s persona and career.”

DAVID: “The use of marijuana as a ‘medicinal’ agent is a very problematic subject. I personally did legal, pharmaceutical research on marijuana years ago (while working for Geigy – now Ciba-Geigy Pharmaceuticals – when the government still allowed and supported legitimate research).

“There is no doubt that marijuana does have some ‘medicinal’ effects; there is no doubt that marijuana has physiological side-effects. Of course the same could be said of almost any legal medication on the market, especially analgesics and psychotropic medications (medications for anxiety, depression, etc.).

“If marijuana were legal and controlled, and available in standardized dosages, the risk/benefit ratio for use would be different than they are currently. Of course just the fact that marijuana is illegal creates a tremendous ‘negative’ that by-and-large, outweighs the positives, especially for a functioning professional athlete.

“On a purely physiological basis (leaving aside legalities), some people might be able to tolerate using low-doses of marijuana to help with controlling pain or anxiety